Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that affects the teeth. It occurs when the teeth are over exposed to fluoride doing the first eight years of life. This is the time when most permanent teeth are being formed. It varies from mild to moderate to severe. People with fluorosis are relatively resistant to dental caries, but in moderate to severe fluorosis teeth are physically damaged.
Causes of Fluorosis
- The major cause is the inappropriate use of fluoride containing dental products such as toothpaste and mouth rinses.
- Sometimes, children enjoy the taste of fluoridated toothpaste so much that they swallow it instead of spitting it out.
- Another cause of fluorosis can be, taking a higher-than prescribed amount of a fluoride supplement during early childhood.
Symptoms of Fluorosis
The symptoms range from tiny white specks, these mottled patches may be unnoticeable until they become dark brown stains and rough, pitted enamel that is difficult to clean.
Treatment of Fluorosis
The treatment varies from no treatment for mild cases to the use of variety of techniques for moderate to severe cases. For moderate-severe cases the following can be done: tooth whitening, crowns, veneers.
In conclusion, parental vigilance is the key to prevention. It is important to monitor your child’s use of fluoridated toothpaste and teach them the proper way to brush. Only a pea size amount of toothpaste is required on your child’s toothbrush.
For proper dental advice, book an appointment with us today to help you or your child identify your tooth ailment.